Brain Fitness

Hugh, H. C., Albert, M. S., Butters, M. A., Gao, S., Knopman, D. D., Launer, L. J., … Wagster, M. V. (2006). The NIH Cognitive and Emotional Health Project. Alzheimer’s & Dementia2, 12-32.

Posit Science. (2013, May 1). Brain Fitness Exercise Works; Crosswords Don’t [Press release]. Retrieved May 7, 2013, from

Exercise and Physical Activity

Ahlskog, J. E., Geda, Y. E., Graff-Radford, N. R., & Petersen, R. C. (2011). Physical Exercise as a Preventive or Disease-Modifying Treatment of Dementia and Brain Aging. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 86(9), 876-884. doi: 10.4065/mcp.2011.0252


Becker, J. T., Chang, Y. F., Lopez, O. L., Dew, M. A., Sweet, R. A., Barnes, D., … Reynolds, C. F. (n.d.). Depressed Mood is not a Risk for Incident Dementia in a Community – Based Cohort. American Journal of Psychiatry, 17(8), 653-663. Retrieved May 15, 2013, from

Cai, X., Campbell, N., Khan, B., Callahan, C., & Boustain, M. (2013). Long-term Anticholinergic Use and the Aging Brain. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 9, 377-385. Retrieved July 16, 2013.

Jorm, A. F. (2000). Is Depression a Risk Factor for Dementia or Cognitive Decline? A Review. [Review of the journal Gerontology]. Gerontology, 46(4), 219-227. Retrieved May 15, 2013, from

Down’s Syndrome and Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease Genetics Fact Sheet. (n.d.). National Institute on Aging.Retrieved July 8, 2013, from

Dementia and Intellectual Disabilities. (2003, February). Alzheimer’s Association International. Retrieved July 8, 2013, from

Down Syndrome and Alzheimer’s Disease. (2012). Alzheimer’s Association. Retrieved July 1, 2013, from

Stanton, L. R., & Coetzee, R. H. (2004). Down’s Syndrome and Dementia. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 10, 50-58. Retrieved July 8, 2013, from

General Risk Factors for Dementia

Borson, S., Frank, L., Bayley, P. J., Boustani, M., Dean, M., & Lin, P. J. (2013). Improving Dementia Care: The Role of Screening and Detection of Cognitive Impairment. Alzheimer’s & Dementia9(2), 151-159.

Carrillo, M., Brashear, H. R., Logovinsky, V., Ryan, J., Feldman, H., & Siemers, E. (2013). Can We Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease? Secondary “Prevention” Trial in Alzheimer’s Disease. Alzheimer’s & Dementia9(2), 123-131.

Flicker, L. (2009). Life Style Interventions to Reduce the Risk of Dementia. Maturitas63(4), 319-322. Retrieved May 15, 2013, from

Patterson, C., Feightner, J., Garcia, A., & MacKnight, C. (2007, October). General Risk Factors for Dementia: A Systematic Evidence Review [Review of the journal Alzheimer’s & Dementia]. Alzheimer’s & Dementia3(4), 341-347. Retrieved May 15, 2013, from

Sleep Disorders

Circadian Rhythms Fact Sheet. (2012, November). National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Retrieved September 4, 2013, from

Preventing Memory Loss. (n.d.). Harvard Health Publication. Retrieved from

Sleep On It: How Snoozing Strengthens Memories. (2013, April). NIH News in Health. Retrieved September 4, 2013, from

Sleepless Nights May Put The Aging Brain At Risk of Dementia [Interview by N. Patti, Transcript]. (2012, August 27). In Morning Edition. NRP.

Yaffe, K., Laffan, A., Harrison, S. L., Redline, S., Spira, A., Ensrud, K. E., … Stone, K. L. (2011). Sleep-Disordered Breathing, Hypoxia, and Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia in Older Women. The Journal of the American Medical Association306(6), 613-619. Retrieved July 18, 2013.


Netzer, W. J., Ph.D. (2012, February 6). Smoking Linked To Memory Loss in Men [Review of an journal]. Archives of General Psychiatry. Retrieved July 10, 2013, from